Rights statements

RightsStatements.org currently provides 12 different rights statements that can be used by cultural heritage institutions to communicate the copyright and re-use status of digital objects to the public. The rights statements have been designed with both human users and machine users (such as search engines) in mind and are made available as linked data. Each rights statement is located at a unique URI.

The rights statements have been specifically developed for the needs of cultural heritage institutions and online cultural heritage aggregation platforms and are not intended to be used to be used by individuals to license their own creations. (If you are looking for a tool to license your own works you should consider using one of the Creative Commons licenses).

Three Categories of Rights Statements

In Copyright

Statements for works that are in copyright

No Copyright

Statements for works that are not in copyright

Other

Statements for works where the copyright status is unclear

The rights statements fall in three categories: Statements for works that are in copyright, statements for works that are not in copyright and statements for works where the copyright status is unclear. The statements provide end users with easy to understand high level information about the copyright and re-use status of digital objects. With the exception of the two statements for objects with an unclear copyright status, these statements should only be applied after the copyright status of a work has been established. You can find more information about how to apply the rights statements in the documentation section.

The following five rights statements are intended for use with digital objects that are in copyright. If your organization is the rightsholder for such objects and wants to encourage re-use you should consider making the objects available under an open Creative Commons license.

In Copyright

This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make the Work available, or makes the Work available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Work available.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

In Copyright - EU Orphan Work

This Rights Statement is intended for use with Works that have been identified as Orphan Works in accordance with Directive 2012/28/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on certain permitted uses of Orphan Works. It can only be applied to Works that are covered by the Directive: Works published in the form of books, journals, newspapers, magazines or other writings as well as cinematographic or audiovisual works and phonograms (note: this excludes photography and visual arts). It can only be applied by data providers that are beneficiaries of the Directive: publicly accessible libraries, educational establishments and museums, archives, film or audio heritage institutions and public-service broadcasting organizations, established in one of the EU member states. The beneficiary is also expected to have registered the work in the EU Orphan Works Database maintained by OHIM.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-OW-EU/1.0/

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted

This Rights Statement can be used only for copyrighted Items for which the organization making the Item available is the rights-holder or has been explicitly authorized by the rights-holder(s) to allow third parties to use the Work for educational purposes without first obtaining permission.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-EDU/1.0/

In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted

This Rights Statement can be used only for copyrighted Items for which the organization making the Item available is the rights-holder or has been explicitly authorized by the rights-holder(s) to allow third parties to use the Work for non-commercial purposes without obtaining permission first.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-NC/1.0/

In Copyright - Rights-holder(s) Unlocatable or Unidentifiable

This Rights Statement is intended for use with an Item that has been identified as in copyright but for which no rights-holder(s) has been identified or located after some reasonable investigation. This Rights Statement should only be used if the data provider is reasonably sure that the work is in copyright. This Rights Statement is not intended for use by EU-based data providers who have identified works as Orphan Works in accordance with the EU Orphan Works Directive (they must use InC-OW-EU instead).

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-RUU/1.0/

The following four rights statements are intended for works that are not in copyright but where there are restrictions other than copyright that prevent free re-use or where the out of copyright status has only been ascertained for a specific jurisdiction. These rights statements should only be used when it is not possible to use the Public Domain Mark or the CC0 Public Domain Dedication.

No Copyright - Contractual Restrictions

This Rights Statement can only be used for Items that are in the Public Domain but for which the data provider has entered into contractual agreement that requires it to take steps to restrict third party uses of the Item. In order for this Rights Statement to be conclusive, the data provider must provide a link to a page detailing the contractual restrictions that apply to the use of the Item.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-CR/1.0/

No Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Only

This Rights Statement can only be used for Works that are in the Public Domain and have been digitized in a public-private partnership as part of which, the partners have agreed to limit commercial uses of this digital representation of the Work by third parties. It has been developed specifically to allow the inclusion of Works that have been digitized as part of the partnerships between European Libraries and Google, but can in theory be applied to Works that have been digitized in similar public-private partnerships.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-NC/1.0/

No Copyright - Other Known Legal Restrictions

This Rights Statement should be used for Items that are in the public domain but that cannot be freely re-used as the consequence of known legal restrictions that prevent the data provider from allowing free re-use of the Work, such as cultural heritage or traditional cultural expression protections. In order for this Rights Statement to be conclusive, the data provider must provide a link to a page detailing the legal restrictions that limit re-use of the Item.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-OKLR/1.0/

No Copyright - United States

This Rights Statement should be used for Items for which the provider has determined are free of copyright under the laws of the United States. This Rights Statement should not be used for Orphan Works (which are assumed to be in-copyright) or for Works where the data provider has not undertaken an effort to ascertain the copyright status of the Work.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/

Other rights statements

The following three rights statements are intended for use with digital objects where the copyright status has not been determined with certainty. These should only be used if it is not possible to use a clearer rights statement or license.

Copyright Not Evaluated

This Rights Statement should be used for Items for which the copyright status is unknown and for which the data provider has not undertaken an effort to determine the copyright status of the work.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/CNE/1.0/

Copyright Undetermined

This Rights Statement should be used for Items for which the copyright status is unknown and for which the organization that has made the Item available has undertaken an effort to determine the copyright status of the Work. Typically, this Rights Statement is used when the organization is missing key facts essential to making an accurate copyright status determination.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/UND/1.0/

No Known Copyright

This Rights Statement should be used for Items for which the copyright status has not been determined conclusively, but for which the data provider has reasonable cause to believe that the work is not covered by copyright or related rights anymore. This Rights Statement should not be used for Orphan Works (which are assumed to be in-copyright) or for Works where the data provider has not undertaken an effort to ascertain the copyright status of the Work.

URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NKC/1.0/